What is the fabric composition of wool? The traditional varieties of wool are mainly cotton, linen, silk, and wool. However, with the advancement of modern science, there are more and more varieties of wool, and a variety of synthetic fibers have appeared, which are dazzling and dizzying. In order to fully understand the advantages and disadvantages of various yarns, Xiaobian searched around the Internet, compiled and supplemented these materials, and explained the characteristics and materials of each type of yarn. Helps improve knitting skills.
1. Cotton thread
Cotton fiber is probably the most widely used fiber in the apparel industry. Cotton fabrics are breathable and sweat-absorbent, but have poor elasticity. In addition to the multi-stranded cotton thread used for weaving, there are cotton rope, hollow flat cotton and other types.
The shape of the cotton rope is the same as that of the woolen thread. It is thick and thin. The thin and thick woolen thread are almost thick. It is suitable for weaving short-sleeved or hook clothes in summer. This kind of multi-strand general cotton thread is easy to weave, and it will not be slanted or missed.
For example, a thicker cotton thread all feels the same as thin, but it is thicker, but it can be worn by some babies who are afraid of wearing sweaters in winter so that they will not feel uncomfortable wearing other sweaters. If this is the case, it is best to use elastic knitting needles (two up and two downs), because the elasticity of cotton threads is not as good as other threads, and it is also close-fitting.
Hollow flat satin cotton also has thick or fine points. The effect of weaving is similar to that of cotton rope, but it will be thinner than the same thick cotton rope. In addition, because the flat belt is hollow and has good air permeability, it is very suitable for summer clothing. However, the disadvantage of the flat belt is that it is easy to sag when it is loose.
Ramie fiber is the earliest textile raw material used by humans for clothing. Nowadays, flax fiber is mainly used for weaving. Flax fiber is known as the "Queen of Natural Fibers" and has a special structure that other fibers do not have-pectin beveled holes. These bevelled holes will cause capillary pores when they come into contact with the skin, and can adjust the ecological temperature environment of the human skin surface in time, so they have a strong temperature regulation function and moisture absorption and ventilation performance. Therefore, linen fabrics are comfortable, cool and breathable, and are the first choice for summer clothing.
Flax fiber is almost one of the longest and strongest varieties of natural fibers known to man. Its strength is 1.5 times that of cotton, 1.6 times that of wool, and the length is much higher than cotton and wool. At the same time linen also has good anti-allergic, anti-static, antibacterial and anti-corrosive properties.
3. Silk thread
Since known as the "second skin" of the human body, silk is elegant and luxurious, exquisite and exquisite, which puts people's life in bright colors and brings a dreamlike poetry. Silk can protect our body from external temperature and humidity, absorb and release invisible excreted water, sweat and secretions on the skin, keep the skin clean and help human health. The silk woven garments have delicate hand feel, good sagging, and comfortable and elegant wear, which are the good threads that many sisters dream of.
4. Plush series
Plush series (cashmere, cotton cashmere, sheep cashmere, imitation cashmere, rabbit cashmere)
ASH Cashmere (CASHMERE) cashmere refers to cashmere, which is a thin layer of thin cashmere that grows on the outer epidermal layer of goats and hides at the roots of goat hair. It grows out when it is cold in winter, resists wind and cold, and falls off after warming in the spring, and naturally adapts to the climate. Cashmere only grows on goats.
China is the world's largest cashmere producing country, and its cashmere production accounts for more than 1/2 of the world's output. The output of cashmere is extremely limited. One goat produces 50-80 grams of cashmere-free (referred to the net cashmere after removing impurities), an average of five goats. The cashmere produced per year is enough to make an ordinary cashmere sweater.
Cashmere is the thinnest kind of animal fiber. It has a high degree of natural curl, is tightly arranged in spinning and weaving, and has good cohesion, so it has good warmth and is 1.5-2 times that of wool.
The quality of cashmere is subdivided according to its fineness, length and chroma. For example, from chroma, white cashmere is the best.
Cashmere wool Many people call sheep's cashmere-like fine wool similar to sheep's cashmere. In fact, sheep have no cashmere. Sheep cashmere is actually a kind of high-quality wool.
Cotton cashmere This is not a pure thread, it is an interwoven thread of cotton and cashmere. In fact, "sheep cashmere" and "cotton cashmere" are completely different and must not be confused. Cotton and cashmere are cashmere-containing. Depending on the proportion of cashmere contained and the quality of the cashmere contained, the price varies widely. Cashmere is just a kind of wool, a better quality wool.
Imitated cashmere is a thread that is processed by acrylic to have the smooth, soft, and elastic feel of natural cashmere, and has the excellent dyeing performance of acrylic, which is called imitation cashmere. This kind of product has brighter and richer colors than natural cashmere, but in actual wearing, it still cannot get rid of the problem of static electricity from acrylic.
Rabbit hair The fine hairs at the base of rabbit hair. Non-fleece fibers are fine, with a strong velvet feel, the surface scales are neat and clean, and the softness of cashmere and silky waxy are concentrated. In addition, rabbit velvet fibers are a medullary cavity layer with a porous structure. It is also better than other natural fibers, and has the health care properties of skin care. Now there are colorful rabbit down, the price is much more expensive than ordinary rabbit down.